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Date: 2013-08-23### Summary

A derivation of the Euler-Lagrange equation is given.### Contents

# Derivation of the Euler-Lagrange-Equation¶

We would like to find a condition for the Lagrange function , so that its integral, the action , becomes maximal or minimal.

For that, we change the coordinate by a little variation , although infinitesimal. Additionally, has to hold. The integral of the Lagrange function becomes:

This should be extremal with respect to . So we need to differentiate with respect to that and set equal to :

For this total derivative, the partial derivatives of and and have to be found.

For the second summand, we use partial integration:

The middle term is equal to since vanished on the boundary points. Therefore, the last term remains.

Now we can factor out that . The integral vanished for all variations iff the parentheses vanishes.

We yield the Euler-Lagrange-Equation:

See also